Understanding Dementia

What is dementia?

‘Dementia’ is the umbrella term  that is used to describe a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language. A person living with dementia may also experience changes in their mood or behaviour. 

Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged, for example by a disease such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia but is not the only one.

Signs and Symptoms of Dementia

The specific symptoms that someone with dementia experiences will depend on the parts of the brain that are damaged and the disease that is causing the dementia. These symptoms may have become so difficult that they affect daily life.

Understanding dementia

There are over 100 different types of dementia and at Ty Hapus we have gained a wide range of knowledge from supporting people affected by the different forms of Dementia over a decade of working. are a number of different forms of dementia.   The word ‘Dementia’ is an umbrella term for diseases that may be categorised as a form of dementia.    At Ty Hapus we are experienced in supporting people living with:

Alzheimer’s Disease

Is the most common form of dementia. Alzheimer’s Disease affects memory, thinking and behaviour. Symptoms eventually grow severe enough to interfere with daily tasks.

Vascular Dementia

Vascular dementia is caused by reduced blood flow to the brain. It can be a result of a stroke or the narrowing of the blood vessels in the brain.

Frontotemporal Dementia

Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) is a group of dementias that mainly affect personality and behaviour or language and speech, depending on which area of the brain is affected.

Lewy Body Dementia

Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) is a form of dementia which is closely related to Parkinson’s Disease and can affect thinking, memory, vision and movement


Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease is a condition that affects the brain. It causes problems like shaking and stiffness that get worse over time. The main symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease are shaking (tremors), slow movements and stiffness.


Young Onset Dementia

Young onset dementia (YOD) is defined as dementia diagnosed under the age of 65. It is also referred to as ‘early onset’ or ‘working age’ dementia

Posterior Cortical Atrophy (PCA)

is a rare form of dementia which can initially cause difficulties with seeing what and where things are, for example, when a person is driving or reading


Binswanger’s Disease

is a form of  vascular dementia.  Most patients experience progressive loss of memory and intellectual abilities (dementia), urinary urgency or incontinence, an abnormally slow shuffling, and an unsteady pattern of walking.

Primary Progressive Aphasia(PPA)

is a term that refers to a group of dementias that affects a person’s speech and language

At Ty Hapus we aim to help people live well with dementia

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