‘Dementia’ is the word that is used to describe a set of symptoms that may include
memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language. A person living
with dementia may also experience changes in their mood or behaviour.
The specific symptoms that someone with dementia experiences will depend on the
parts of the brain that are damaged and the disease that is causing the dementia.
These symptoms may have become so difficult that they affect daily life.
Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged, for example by a disease such as
Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common
cause of dementia but is not the only one.
There are a number of different forms of dementia. Each is different but some typical symptoms of dementia include:
Memory problems – for example, an inability to recall events that have
Problems with concentrating, planning or organising – for example, not being
able to make decisions, solve problems or carry out a sequence of tasks (plan
a journey for example)
Speech and language problems – for example, an inability to follow a
conversation or difficulties in finding the right word.
Visual and /or spatial judgement problems – for example, an inability to
determine the distance of something (such as on stairs) and seeing objects in
Orientation – for example, not knowing what day it is, or becoming confused
about where they are.
Changes in mood, becoming irritable or frustrated. Anxious or withdrawn
For some types of dementia, hallucinations or delusions which appear real.
At Ty Hapus we aim to help people live well with dementia